Seeds - Echinacea Purpurea (Purple Coneflower)
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Description: One of the very best perennials for attracting butterflies and birds! Echinacea is showy and easy-to-grow, adding a flashy touch to the late summer landscape. Blooms heavily from July through September. Will tolerate clay soils. Plants reach 3-4' tall.
Pack Size: 1/32 oz
Latin Name: Echinacea Purpurea
Alternative Names: Coneflower
Main Uses: Ornamental, medicinal, naturescape
Zone Hardiness: Zone 3 perennial
Exposure: Full sun
Height: 90 - 120 cm (36 - 48 inches)
Flower Colour: Pink-purple
Flowering Time: July to August
Germination: 7 - 10 days at 21ºC.
Indoors: 3 - 5 seeds per plug, 6 - 8 weeks before average last frost date
Planting out: Plant in loose, fertile soil once all chance of frost has passed.
Direct Seeding: Echinacea can be direct seeded in late May, but will not bloom until its second year. Another option is to sow outdoors (into prepared beds) in late fall, which will yield strong, first year blooming plants the next summer.
Planting depth: 1/4 "
Spacing: Space transplants 12" apart
Growing in Containers: Grows very well in larger containers and raised beds, although winter hardiness may be impacted.
Growing in Mixed Planters: Not well suited to mixed planters.
Fertilizing (Containers): Plant in a quality, well-draining organic-based potting mix. Feed regularly with organic fertilizer. An organic bloom-booster fertilizer at first onset of buds will encourage larger blooms and more abundant flowering.
Watering (Containers): Water containers deeply when top inch feels dry to the touch. Monitor pots every day or two during very hot weather.
Fertilizing (Garden): Plant in average garden soil, amended with compost on an annual basis. No additional fertilizing required.
Watering (Garden): Water deeply to establish. Water mature plants weekly during hot weather.
Beneficials Attracted to this Plant: Many butterflies, as well as bees, feed on the nectar of echinacea.
Notes: Deadhead flowers to promote tidy re-blooming.
Suitability for Indoors: Not suited for indoors.