Seeds - Sage, White (California)
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Description: Most potent of the sacred smudging sages. Oily leaves are very pungent and silvery-white. Not used for culinary purposes.
Pack Size: 50 seeds
Latin Name: Salvia officinalis
Alternative Names: Smudging Sage, California White Sage
Main Uses: Culinary; Medicinal
Zone Hardiness: Zone 9
Exposure: Full sun
Height: 40 - 60 cm (15 - 24 inches)
Flower Colour: White
Flowering Time: Flowers occur on mature plants, typically in mid summer starting in second or third season
Germination: 7 - 21 days at 21° C. Germination can be quite erratic, but be patient and you will get some nice White Sage!
Sowing: Indoors 6 -12 weeks before last frost date. Sow 3 - 5 seeds per cell or plug. For best results, apply Sea Magic™ kelp from first watering. Apply a seedling-starter fertilizer such as Evolve Seedling once the second set of true leaves has appeared, and then alternate between the kelp and seedling starter until transplant.
Planting depth: Lightly press into the planting medium.
Planting out: Direct seed 1/4” deep, thin to a final spacing of 18-24” in early June once soil has warmed and there is no chance of frost. Established transplants can be transferred from indoor shelter to the outdoor garden once the soil has warmed considerably, and plants are hardened-off. White Sage is sensitive to late-spring frosts.
Harvesting: Harvest sage by pruning stem tips, using a sharp pair of scissors. Plants can be harvested regularly during the summer months. Less new growth occurs over winter, but plants can still be harvested - in fact pruning will increase the plants productivity.
Growing in Containers: Well-suited to larger pots (minimum 6-8 inches)
Fertilizing (Containers): Amend potting mix with 25% quality compost; top dress with fresh compost 3 times per year. No additional fertilizing required unless plants show signs of nutrient deficiency (sluggish growth; yellowing of leaves).
Watering (Containers): Water deeply when top inch of soil feels dry to the touch.
Growing in Mixed Planters: Well-suited to larger mixed planters.
Fertilizing (Garden): Plant in average garden soil, amended with compost on an annual basis. No additional fertilizing required.
Watering (Garden): Water young transplants for the first 14 days in ground. Once established, watering is only required under drought conditions.
Special Requirements for Cold Climate Gardeners: This plant loves heat, once well established.
Pest/Disease Issues: Powdery mildew can be a concern during cool or wet periods. Apply a safe fungicide rated for powdery mildew.
Suitability for Indoors: Well-suited to a sunny window. Goes semi-dormant during winter months.
Exposure: Full sun
What about Grow Lights? Grow lights are not required, but will keep plants actively growing during the short daylight hours of winter.
General Indoor Care: White Sage thrives in lots of light. During the winter, it requires cool conditions, especially at night. A bay window, cooler sun room, foyer, attic or cooler kitchen window are all ideal. As plants go into semi-dormancy in winter, they will thin out. Pinching stem tips keeps plants as full as possible. All indoor plants benefit from regular rinsing under fast flowing fresh water, which keeps dust and pests off the leaves.
Indoor Container Suggestions: 6-8" pots with drainage holes.
Winter Fertilizing: Amend pots with up to 25% compost when transplanting to bring indoors. Top-dress pots 3 times per year (at least once over winter - January is good). No additional fertilizer is typically required.
Winter Watering: Water deeply when top inch of soil feels dry to the touch.